Stick umbrella "Blue Horse"
Stick umbrella "Blue Horse"
The motif was modelled after the picture "Blue Horse" by Franz Marc, which he created in 1911. The oil painting is exhibited in the Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus, Munich.
Automatic stick umbrella with polyester canopy and fibreglass frame. Steel shaft, black plastic handle. Length 90 cm. Diameter 100 cm.
About Franz Marc
Franz Marc's unique talent was recognised and encouraged at the Munich Academy. On several trips to Paris, he discovered the works of van Gogh for the first time, which made a significant impression on him and helped him to develop an independent artistic language. Through his friend August Macke, he met Wassily Kandinsky, Gabriele Münter and Alfred Kubin, with whom he founded the Expressionist artists' association "Der Blaue Reiter" in 1911. At the outbreak of World War I, Marc was drafted into military service and died two years later in the Battle of Verdun.
Marc examined Naturalism, Art Nouveau and French Impressionism, but sought a new language of expression in order to be able to depict "the spiritual essence of things". With unprecedented consistency, he approached a new form of art in which colours acquired a symbolic meaning far beyond naturalistic representation: "Every colour must clearly say who and what it is, and must be set on clear shapes", Marc explained. For him, blue is the colour of the spiritual, red is love, passion and vulnerability, yellow is the sun and femininity.
Animal, in particular, were the focus of his painting, as they, in contrast to people, symbolised originality and purity to him. Just like Kandinsky, he sought the renewal of the spiritual in art.
The German artists‘ association "Der Blaue Reiter" ("The Blue Rider") was founded in Munich in 1911 by Wassily Kandinsky and Franz Marc during the German Expressionist period.
The name was originally the title of the painting by Kandinsky and also the title of the almanac published by Kandinsky and Marc. Members included Paul Klee and August Macke.
The group disbanded at the beginning of World War I.
Artistic movement that replaced Impressionism in the early 20th century.
Expressionism is the German form of the art revolution in painting, graphic art and sculpture, which found its precursor in the works of Paul Cézanne, Vincent van Gogh and Paul Gauguin in the late 19th century. The Expressionists attempted to advance to the primal elements of painting. With vibrant, unbroken colours in large areas and with the emphasis on the line and the resulting targeted suggestive expressiveness, they fought against the artistic taste established by the bourgeoisie.
The most important representatives of Expressionism were the founders of "Die Brücke" (The Bridge): Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Erich Heckel, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, Max Pechstein, Otto Mueller and Franz Marc, August Macke and others.
Masters of Viennese Expressionism are Egon Schiele and Oskar Kokoschka. Among the sculptors, Ernst Barlach is the most famous.
Fauvism is the French form of Expressionism.