Porcelain vase "Irises" (1889)
Porcelain vase "Irises" (1889)
Bouquets that seem to have been painted. This vase features a motif from van Gogh's painting "Irises" from 1889. Made of ceramic. Size 19.5 x 9.5 x 7 cm (h/w/d).
About Vincent van Gogh
1853-1890 - Pioneer of Expressionism
"This man will either go mad or he'll leave all the rest of us far behind," predicted Camille Pissarro about Vincent van Gogh, who was born in 1853 as the son of a priest. And indeed, the Dutchman became a precursor of modernism, ushering in Expressionism with his curved lines and bright colours. While during his lifetime van Gogh could hardly earn enough money from his paintings to buy paint and canvases and had to depend on financial support from his brother Theo, today his works regularly reach multi-million dollar prices at spectacular auctions.
Van Gogh (1853-1890) came from a Protestant pastor's family in Groot-Zundert in Brabant. He first came into contact with art through an uncle who was an art dealer. Initially van Gogh worked in branches of Goupil & Cie Gallery in The Hague, London and Paris, but also as a tutor in England and as a Methodist preacher. He first began to draw as a preacher coal-mining district of Borinage. Afterwards, he attended the Brussels Academy for a few months but mainly continued his education as an autodidact.
His first oil paintings depict poor peasants and workers. These pictures are very dark and painted with simple, broad lines. Via Antwerp, where he stayed for three months and became acquainted with the lightness and elegance of Japanese woodblock prints, he came to Paris. Here he discovered the sun and bright colours. He studied the Impressionists, Pointillists and early Symbolists and painted cityscapes, landscapes and portraits.
Seeking more light and freedom, he went to Arles in the south of France in 1888, where his friend Paul Gauguin followed him. Van Gogh planned to establish an artist commune there and invite all his painter friends to live and work with him, but the plan failed. After a dramatic confrontation with Gauguin, in which van Gogh injured his ear, he had to spend several long periods in hospitals due to mental breakdowns. These crises later intensified and eventually led to his suicide.
Van Gogh's most famous paintings were created during his time in Arles. All the luminosity of the sun can be seen in these paintings; fields, trees and clouds reflect the power of nature in an impressive way. For us viewers today, it is hard to imagine the strength that may have been needed to produce such joyful masterpieces in the midst of personal psychological misery. It remains van Gogh's secret - and it remains the secret of his late work to this day.
The style of Impressionism, which emerged in French painting around 1870, owes its name to Claude Monet's landscape 'Impression, Soleil Levant'. After initial rejection, it began a veritable triumphal procession.
Painters such as Claude Monet, Edgar Degas, Edouard Manet, Auguste Renoir and others created motifs from everyday life, urban and landscape scenes in bright, natural light.
Impressionism can be seen as a reaction to academic painting. The emphasis was not on content with its strict rules of painting structure, but on the object as it appears at any given moment, in an often random cut out. The reality was seen in all its variety of colours in natural lighting. The Studio painting was replaced by open-air painting.
Through the brightening of the palette and the dissolution of firm contours, a new approach to colour emerged. In many cases, the colours were no longer mixed on the palette but side by side on the canvas so that the final impression lies in the eye of the viewer with a certain distance. In "Pointillism", (with painters such as Georges Seurat or Paul Signac) this principle was taken to the extreme.
Outside France, Impressionism was taken up by painters such as Max Slevogt, Max Liebermann and Lovis Corinth in Germany, and by James A. M. Whistler in the United States.
However, Impressionism was only expressed to a limited extent in the art of sculpture. In the works of Auguste Rodin, who is considered one of the main representatives, a dissolution of surfaces is evident, in which the play of light and shadow is included in the artistic expression. Degas and Renoir created sculptures as well.
Ceramic product made of kaolin, quartz and feldspar.
Porcelain is formed by turning or pressing and figurative objects are cast. Complex objects have to be cast in separated steps and sections and then "assembled". After the moulding, the pieces are dried and "annealed" at about 900 °C. Next, the glaze will be applied and fired at temperatures between 1,240 °C and 1,445 °C. In renowned manufactures, the porcelain is painted by hand whereby each colour has to be fired individually and in compliance with narrow temperature tolerances.
Porcelain was invented in China and became widespread in Europe from the 16th century onwards. The first European porcelain factory was founded in Meissen, Germany in 1710.
Other famous European porcelain factories include Fürstenberg, Höchst, Schwarzburger Werkstätten, Lladró, Nymphenburg, KPM, Augarten, Sèvres, Limoges, Royal Copenhagen, Worcester. Individual factories label their products with their personal porcelain stamps so that for the collecter it is easy to identify their origin.