19th century / around 1900

The 19th century brought forth several styles that even today have immense importance in art history, for example, Impressionism, Classicism or Art Nouveau. Often, their essential characteristics were reflected in the jewellery design that was popular at the time. Jewellery with designs and motifs based on the important art styles of the 19th century is still extremely popular today.

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19th Century / Around 1900

The 19th Century: Changing Art and Jewellery

In Europe in the 19th century, visual arts significantly progressed, and numerous new styles developed. In some cases, the design methods and their underlying philosophies differed significantly, resulting in an interesting stylistic pluralism. During this period, the course for 20th- and 21st-century art was set. These changes in art also affected trends, designs, and the production of jewellery styles. Some designs or design concepts were adopted directly from the fine arts into jewellery production, for example, in Art Nouveau jewellery. Moreover, advances in science, technology and social changes influenced jewellery in the 19th century. Up to this point, jewellery production was a purely manual process, but industrialisation made it possible to produce jewellery mechanically and automatically. In addition, new materials became established that were significantly cheaper. With the new materials and manufacturing processes, no longer the wealthy in society could afford jewellery, but also the middle classes and the working classes. Artfully crafted jewellery thus became a mass product. In the higher social classes, jewellery made of precious materials such as gold and silver remained extremely popular. Platinum, another popular and valuable material for jewellery production, was added in the 19th century.

Art Epochs and Jewellery Design Develop at the Same Time

The 19th century saw the emergence of numerous art epochs that were to have a lasting impact on art history. The widely known styles that emerged during this period include Classicism, Romanticism, Biedermeier, Historicism, Impressionism, Symbolism and Art Nouveau. The foundations of Expressionism, which dominated the early 20th century, were already laid at the end of the 19th century. Some of these epochs had a direct impact on popular jewellery design. For example, Victorian jewellery, which spread from England, showed similarities to various artistic styles of the 19th century. Biedermeier was also reflected in jewellery design. The Biedermeier art style focused once again on nature, and thus Biedermeier jewellery mainly featured motifs from nature, such as flowers or animals. However, the most obvious and direct influence of an artistic style on jewellery design can be observed in jewellery from around 1900 - the Belle Epoque jewellery. The styles that fall into this period, such as Art Nouveau, Arts and Crafts and Jugendstil, were united by combining the fine arts of painting, sculpture and architecture with design and artisanship. The design concepts were reflected in numerous objects of everyday life, such as buildings, furniture, and Belle Epoque jewellery. Typical of Art Nouveau jewellery were floral motifs and filigree, curved ornaments.

Buy 19th Century Jewellery Featuring Designs at ars mundi

Here, at ars mundi, you can buy various pieces of jewellery such as necklaces, bracelets, wristwatches, jewellery boxes, earrings or brooches that are inspired in design by one of the many styles of the 19th century or are a reminiscence of famous artists of the time. We offer necklaces and bracelets inspired by Claude Monet or Gustav Klimt. Many other pieces of jewellery correspond in design to Art Nouveau jewellery or Art Déco jewellery. Furthermore, you can buy music jewellery boxes with motifs by famous artists such as Auguste Renoir, Claude Monet, Adolph von Menzel or Alphonse Mucha.