At the beginning of the 20th century, an innovative art movement was formed in Bavaria that would pave the way for modernism in Germany and later achieve world fame - "Der Blaue Reiter" (The Blue Rider). A few young artists, including Franz Marc, Wassily Kandinsky, Gabriele Münter, August Macke and Paul Klee, united with their dream to renew art. The group criticised the prevailing art canon as too academic and elitist and demanded more openness and diversity. The artists turned away from realism and began to paint expressively in an increasingly abstract style using strong colours. Kandinsky wrote as follows: "One should not make a deity out of form. It is not the form, the matter, that is most important, but the content, the spirit." In their almanac "Der Blaue Reiter", Marc and Kandinsky explained in 1912 the theory of the new artistic concept in detail. According to Kandinsky, the idea for the name originated like this: "We invented the 'Blaue Reiter' at the coffee table in the garden arbour in Sindelsdorf. We both loved blue. Franz Marc the horses, I the riders. So the name just popped into our heads."
The "Blaue Reiter" artists produced numerous world-famous works that continue to inspire a large audience today.