At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, abstraction developed into a movement that was to revolutionise painting and significantly shape the art of classical modernism. Until then, the main purpose of painting had been to depict reality as faithfully as possible, for example, landscapes, people, or architecture. Although, there had already been initial efforts to abandon strict realism and naturalism during Impressionism. However, the motifs of these paintings always had their origins in the actual reality of the artist. This reference to reality was to disappear with the arrival of abstract painting. Colours, forms, and materials now took the place of real objects as the aim and focus of the composition of the picture. From then on, there was complete freedom of form in non-objective art. Although there are certainly familiar geometric objects such as circles, squares and triangles, many artists, however, deliberately dispensed entirely with comprehensible structures and worked impulsively and without clear lines. The colours were also given more space in the abstract paintings and were celebrated in large areas, brought expressively onto the canvas in several layers or contrasted with each other. In addition, abstract artists experimented with new techniques, materials and optical effects and incorporated elements of assemblage, collage, relief, wiping techniques and other forms of colour application into their paintings.
A paradigm shift was also indicated in the motivation and the underlying theoretical concepts. An abstract picture was supposed to allow the depiction of spiritual or philosophical concepts and serve the free realisation of all emotions, thoughts, and visions without the restraints of a defined form. However, works following strict mathematical concepts or a design of a picture based on pure theory were suddenly possible. Today, the book "Concerning the Spiritual in Art", which Wassily Kandinsky published in 1911, is regarded as the "manifesto of abstraction". Here he declared colours and forms to be the most important creative elements of painting. Art had to be able to express the artist's world of feelings. The "principle of inner necessity" was decisive for all artistic activity.
Initially, many of his contemporaries bitterly resisted this break with the prevailing rules of painting. Soon, however, people became aware of the ground-breaking character of abstraction and realised that without it, the necessary expansion and renewal of painting in the 20th century would not have taken place. Today, the generic term abstract art or abstract painting includes a great variety of very different styles. The most important versions of abstract painting include Abstract Expressionism, Geometric Abstraction, Analytical Painting, Constructivism, Suprematism and Art Informel. Many artists of abstraction achieved world fame, and their works are still highly traded today. Some of the most famous abstract painters are Robert Delaunay, Lucio Fontana, Wassily Kandinsky, Willem de Kooning, El Lissitzky, Kasimir Malevich, Joan Miró, Jackson Pollock and Piet Mondrian.
At ars mundi, you can buy abstract art. Here you will find a large selection of abstract pictures dating from the 20th century to current, contemporary works in the category of abstract painting. We offer high-quality reproductions of well-known motifs, as well as numerous originals - both by well-known artists of the art scene and by some newcomers.