Art Nouveau / Art Deco

At the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries, Art Nouveau introduced a new way of thinking in terms of form and content into the art world. This movement eliminated the division between the so-called high arts, such as sculpture, architecture and painting, and the commercial arts of furniture, jewellery, and fashion. In terms of imagery, they abandoned historical models and worked a great deal with ornaments and floral motifs. Art Nouveau was followed by Art Deco with very similar ideas and designs.

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Art Nouveau / Art Deco

Art Nouveau: A New Beginning for Art

At the turn of the 20th century, a new understanding of art began to establish itself in many countries worldwide. Although it was not a uniform movement, for example, Jugendstil in Germany, Art Nouveau in France, the Modern Style in England, and the Secession style in Austria all had similar ideas. The representatives of Art Nouveau strove for a change in art on several levels: The new style was supposed to become more contemporary, less committed to tradition, and was to be applied not only to the visual arts but also to everyday objects of daily use. In addition, traditional crafts were to regain importance as a counter-reaction to industrialisation and mass production. Art Nouveau had its heyday from about 1890 to about 1910, and after the First World War, many of its ideas were continued in Art Deco. Famous Art Nouveau artists were Alphonse Mucha, Gustav Klimt, and Louis Comfort Tiffany.

Art for All Aspects of Life

Art Nouveau had its origins in the Arts and Crafts movement that had developed in Great Britain in the second half of the 19th century. Its representatives saw arts and crafts, art, and architecture in crisis. Machine mass production had led to a loss of quality and aesthetics. The Arts and Crafts movement aimed to make everyday products again by hand from high-quality materials and, for all their usefulness, to keep the beauty of the products in mind. This was to be achieved by the fine arts and crafts working together.

This concept was taken up by Art Nouveau artists in countries worldwide at the end of the 19th century. In their new concept, they considered painting, sculpture, architecture, design, and crafts as a unity. This enabled a modern style to take hold in many areas of life: Architects, for example, designed apartment buildings, museums, underground stations, schools, and swimming pools in Art Nouveau style. Its influence was also evident in furniture, tableware, or furnishings such as vases or lamps. Fashion and jewellery design as well as graphics and illustrations in book art and advertising also followed suit. To this day, the cityscape of many European cities is characterised by Art Nouveau.

Characteristics of Art Nouveau in Design and Art

The various varieties of Art Nouveau in Europe were united by the realisation that in artistic design one had to separate oneself from the outmoded models of previous centuries. Historicism, which had been popular in the 19th century, was particularly criticised. Instead of revisiting past styles, Art Nouveau artists strove for modern forms of design that corresponded more to their attitude to life and the spirit of the times. In addition, the new design was to articulate a critical attitude towards industrialisation and technical progress. Art Nouveau artists developed new imagery that was mainly inspired by nature. Pictorial elements that were recognisably borrowed from botany made them the typical features of Art Nouveau. They laid out designs with curved and flowing lines and created pictorial motifs with many both abstract and figurative ornaments. Art Nouveau paintings expressed a love of nature. The scenes of the Art Nouveau pictures often showed landscapes with flowers and trees or people in nature. Art Nouveau paintings are impressive because of their opulent compositions. Gustav Klimt's paintings with gold and silver editions, for example, are world-famous. At our shop, you can buy works by various artists in Art Nouveau.

Art Nouveau Was Followed by Art Deco

Art Nouveau had its heyday until around 1910, but the First World War was the turning point. From around the 1920s, Art Nouveau was followed by Art Deco. Many of the Art Nouveau ideas and designs were adopted. The design continued to feature floral ornaments but influences from other art styles that developed simultaneously at that time were added. Under the influence of Futurism, Cubism and Bauhaus, elegant, clear lines and geometric decorations prevailed. Overall, the aesthetics appeared somewhat cooler and more austere. As in Art Nouveau, the new design was not only reflected in Art Deco artworks and architecture but also influenced many areas of everyday life, such as furniture and furnishings. At ars mundi, you can buy pictures in the Art Déco style.